Union Public Service Commission Exam (UPSC)


- Facts every aspirant should know

The Union Public Service Commission Exam (UPSC) - Facts every aspirant should know

UPSC Full Form is Union Public Service Commission. On 7th August 2020, Pradeep Kumar Joshi has been appointed because of the chairman of UPSC. He was earlier a member of the UPSC. He will remain within the UPSC office because the chairman till 12th May 2021. Aspirants preparing for the IAS Exam should thoroughly realize the commission because the latter is responsible to conduct the All-India Civil Services Examination. Questions on the composition of UPSC, Chairman of UPSC, Functions of UPSC is asked within the prelim. Read on to understand the answers to all or any or any of these.

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) isn't an exam but it is a constitutional body which is permitted to conduct various exams within the country one in every of which is the Civil Services Exam, while Indian Administrative Services (IAS) which is commonly called the IAS Exam is additionally not an exam and is one among the civil services post among the others like IPS, IFS and etc. to which candidates can get into through the Civil Services Exam.

The UPSC is also a constitutional body. it is a central agency which is allowed to conduct various examinations in India and also the list of exams is given below.
  1. Civil Services Examination
  2. Indian Forest Service Examination
  3. Engineering Services Examination
  4. Combined Defence Services Examination
  5. National Defence Academy Examination / Naval Academy Examination
  6. Combined Medical Services Examination
  7. Indian Economic Service/Indian Statistical Service Examination
  8. Combined Geoscientist and Geologist Examination
  9. Central Armed Police Forces (Assistant Commandant) Examination
The commission’s approval is granted by the Constitution of India as mentioned within the articles 315 to 323 of Part XIV of the constitution titled as Services under the Union and thus the States for public service commission for the union and for every state.

Composition of Union Public Service Commission

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) consists of a md and ten members. The terms and conditions of service of the chairman and members of the Commission are governed by the Union Public Service Commission (Members) Regulations, 1969.
The composition of the Union Public Service Commission as per 2020 is given below:

Name and Details


Shri Pradeep Kumar Joshi

Present UPSC Chairman

Dr. Pradeep Kumar Joshi


Shri Bhim Sain Bassi


Air Marshal A. S. Bhonsle (retd.)


Ms. Sujata Mehta


Dr. Manoj Soni


Ms. Smita Nagaraj


Ms. M. Sathiyavathy


Eligibility and Tenure of Chairman & MembersNote: Arvind Saxena was the UPSC Chairman before Pradeep Kumar Joshi. His tenure ended on 7th August 2020. 

The President of India appoints the Chairman and other members of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Generally, the members of the commission are the civil servants with a minimum of 10 years of experience either in Central or State service.
The Commission is examined by a Secretariat led by a Secretary with two Additional Secretaries, style of Joint Secretaries, Deputy Secretaries and other assistant staff.
Each member holds office for a term of 6 years or until he attains the age of 65 years.

Criteria for Removal of Members (Union Public Service Commission)

The members can submit their resignation to the President of India at any time. Any member of the commission would be away from the office by the President of India on the underside of misbehaviour (if and only if an inquiry of such misbehaviour is formed and defended by the Supreme Court of India) or if any member is charged with bankrupt or engaged in any paid employment outside the duties of his office or if the President opines the member is unfit to continue in office by reason of illness of mind or body.
The member is removed from the office by the President of India on the grounds further as procedure is given in Article 317 within the Constitution of India.
The Union Public Services Commission is among one amongst the few institutions which execute both autonomy and freedom along with the country’s higher judiciary and commission.

Recruitment rules for Union Public Service Commission

According to the provision mentioned in Article 320 of the Constitution of India, the provisions of Union Public Service Commission (Exemption from Consultation) Regulations 1958, Recruitment Rules of all Group ‘A’ and Group ‘B’ posts in various Ministries/Departments of presidency of India are necessary to be framed in consultation with the Commission. The Consultation with the Commission is additionally mandatory for structuring or revising Recruitment Rules certainly categories of posts under the Delhi Municipal Corporation, The New Delhi Municipal Coil, the staff State Insurance Corporation, and also the workers Provide. annually on all-India basis various examinations are conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) and this includes Civil Services, Engineering, Medical and Forest Service, etc.

Functions of Union Public Service Commission

The major functions of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) under Article Section 320 of the Constitution of India are:
  • To conduct various examinations for the appointment to the services of the Union
  • Direct Recruitment selectively through interviews
  • Appointing Department officers on promotion, deputation and thru absorption
  • Constituting and amending the Recruitment Rules for various services and posts under the govt.  ..
  • Disciplinary cases pertaining to different Civil Services
  • About any matter related to the UPSC, they'll directly recommend the government by the President of Indian


Every year, the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) submits a report of its work to the President of India. The President presents the report of the commission before the parliament along with a memo with relevance the cases where the advice of the commission wasn't accepted and so the explanations for non-acceptance.
Every year, the Union Public Service Commission conducts various exams and Civil Services Examination is one all told them. The Civil Services Examination is conducted in three stages viz.
  1. Preliminary
  2. Main and
  3. Personality Test/Interview